Living With Diabetes In Colorado Springs? Here are a few facts of Diabetes in America that can help prevent it or control it!
Diabetes is one of the most expensive health problems in the US. The direct cost of diabetes was $245 billion in 2013 (American Diabetes Association, March 6, 2013). Of this $176 billion was for medical care and $69 billion was for reduced productivity.
The complications from diabetes can be devastating. They may include:
- Renal failure – leading to dialysis or transplant
- Blindness – from diabetic retinopathy
- Amputation – from diabetic peripheral arterial disease
- Foot ulcers – leading to osteomyelitis (bone infection) and amputation – from diabetic peripheral neuropathy
- Gastro paresis – interferes with movement of food through the body
- Heart disease
How do people know if they have diabetes?
People with diabetes frequently experience certain symptoms. These include:
- being very thirsty
- frequent urination
- weight loss
- increased hunger
- blurry vision
- tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
- wounds that don't heal
- extreme unexplained fatigue
Diabetes is the seventh leading direct cause of death in the US. If the complications such as cardiovascular disease and Hypertension were included, it could be much higher.
Diabetes is a disease affecting how your body uses glucose (sugar)
In Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes), the body is unable to produce insulin, which is the hormone that regulates glucose usage in the body. In Type 2 diabetes (Adult Onset Diabetes), the body continues to produce insulin but is unable to utilize insulin properly. Gestational diabetes is similar to adult onset diabetes in that a pregnant woman may lose her ability to use insulin properly.
Type 1 diabetes usually strikes in childhood or young adulthood. A toxin or virus triggers your immune system to kill the beta cells in the pancreas (which produce insulin). Type 1 diabetics always need insulin for control. There is no known way to prevent Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes (Adult Onset Diabetes) is 30 times as common as Type 1 and usually strikes in middle age or later (although as our children become more obese at an earlier age the average age has come down). The body continues to produce insulin but loses the ability to effectively utilize it. Type 2 diabetes may be controlled with a combination of weight loss, exercise, diet, oral medications, and insulin. Obesity and lack of exercise are two of the most common causes of Type 2 Diabetes.
Gestational diabetes affects about 10-15% of pregnant women. It is treated the same way as Type 2 diabetes. Women who are affected with Gestational Diabetes are 7 times more likely than average to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes can lead to fetal death or malformation and increased risk of C Section.
Diabetes is generally diagnosed with a timed lab test to see how your body uses glucose. You are given a measured amount of a sugar drink (usually 50, 75 or 100 grams) and your blood sugar levels are measured at a given interval (usually 1 hour, 2 hours, and/or 3 hours) after you drink the sugar.
The best prevention for type 2 diabetes is to maintain your weight with diet and exercise. If you already have been diagnosed with diabetes, the best way to avoid complications is with diet and exercise, take your medications as prescribed, check your blood sugars as directed by your physician, check your feet on a daily basis to avoid diabetic ulcers, get your labs done on a regular basis (generally every 3 months) so that you know how you’re doing, and get an annual eye exam (from an ophthalmologist) to check for retinopathy. For additional info on Diabetes, log on to www.Diabetes.org
QwikCareMD Urgent Care and Comfort Care Family Practice is dedicated to providing you and your family with quality, convenient, and cost-effective medical care. We accept most insurances such as
- Blue Cross / Blue Shield
- United Healthcare
- Human / Choice Care
Give us a call If your insurance is not listed below (719) 471-CARE (2273).